Benefits and Pain Level of AlloDerm Gum Grafting

AlloDerm Gum Grafting in Washington D.C.

AlloDerm gum grafting has revolutionized the gum grafting industry. AlloDerm has numerous benefits compared to traditional tissue grafting methods. Benefits are less pain, decreased bleeding, and minimal risks. For example, during traditional gum grafting, such as connective or free gingival grafting, the tissue is harvested from the roof of the mouth. In connective tissue grafting, the tissue will be grafted from the middle layer. In free gingival grafting, it is taken from the outermost or the epithelial layer of the palate. This surface layer removal in free tissue grafting causes the most pain post-treatment of the two traditional methods.

As you can see in the image below, the picture on the left depicts a connective tissue graft site, and the picture on the right shows a free tissue graft site. As shown on the left, the middle layer is removed, and the top layer can then be sutured over. However, the right image is the outermost layer and can not be sutured closed. As a result, this leaves the area exposed and increases the pain level. 

Connective Tissue Graft
Free Gingival Graft

Although everyone is different, post-treatment pain levels for free gingival graft range from  4-8, on a scale of 1-10, compared to a 1-4 with a connective tissue graft.  In AlloDerm gum grafting, no tissue is removed from the roof of the mouth, so no pain is associated with the palate post-treatment. In addition, since no tissue is harvested from the palate, multiple teeth can be grafted in one sitting. The palate only has a limited amount of tissue available. A full mouth tissue graft may require a minimum of 4 surgeries with three months of healing in between. Therefore, AlloDerm is the best option for the fastest recovery with the least amount of pain.

Since the epithelial layer is so rich in vascularity, significant bleeding can occur following treatment with a free gingival graft. On the other hand, in a connective tissue graft, there is typically only minor bleeding. With the use of AlloDerm, since the palate is not the donor site, there is no post-operative bleeding with the palate. However, if extensive bleeding occurs with any graft, you should contact your dental provider or physician immediately. 

In any gum grafting, complications are rare.  However, one possible complication is a slight chance of numbness in the palatal region from surgery with connective or free tissue graft. This side effect usually subsides over time, and the chances are minimal.  AlloDerm gum grafting does not have this risk due to the palatal region not being a donor site. It is imperative to do a risk-benefit analysis with your dental provider to find the best possible treatment for your specific needs. 

AlloDerm Gum Grafting


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Gum Grafting