Periodontal Procedure Options Washington D.C.
Periodontal treatment and procedures are used to manage patients with periodontal disease. Improper brushing, flossing, and genetics can create “pockets” around your teeth and loosen your gums. When the gums become loose, bacteria can build up in these pockets. Once the bacteria have built up long enough, it can cause bone and gum loss. Therefore, treatment must be performed for this disease as soon as possible. This is an essential factor because periodontal disease cannot be cured but simply managed. If left untreated, it may result in the loss of teeth. Additionally, studies have shown that periodontal disease may be linked to other illnesses, such as diabetes, pre-term birth, and heart disease.
A Surgical option for this disease consists of a 60-year-old trusted treatment called osseous surgery. Osseous surgery is also known as pocket reduction surgery. The main goal of this treatment is to reduce pocket depths, eliminate bacteria, and repair damaged bone. Treatment can be performed under local anesthetic or sedation. After cutting back the gums, the bacteria are removed from these gum pockets. Once the bacteria are completely removed, additional bone may be placed depending on the situation. Once sutured, post-operative instructions are given to take home. Following these post-operative instructions are essential to ensure proper healing. In addition, avoiding tobacco use and following good hygiene is imperative for your recovery. The significant side effects from this procedure tend to be root sensitivity and post-operative discomfort.
Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)
Scaling and Root Planing is a non-surgical treatment option for gum disease. This allows the dentist to clean between the gums and teeth down below the gumline to the roots. The surface of the roots is cleaned carefully to remove plaque and tartar from deep inside. Local anesthesia may be applied, and antibiotics may be placed inside the pockets between the teeth and gums to promote healing. In some cases, additional surgery may be required to restore gum health.